Common Opiate Addictions
About Opiate Addictions
Opiate addictions are overwhelming current medical safeguards and drug treatment facilities in the United States. One of the major contributing factors to the exploding number of opiate addictions is the ease by which most individuals are able to obtain a prescription. In fact, opiate prescriptions make up the majority of all prescriptions dispensed and refilled in the United States. Some of the common opiate addictions from prescriptions are hydrocodone, fentanyl, hydromorphone, tramadol, codeine, and morphine. The most common illicit opiate addiction is heroin.
Opiates are derived from the opium poppy, which is a flowering plant grown all over the world. Opiate pain relievers are usually safe if taken exactly as prescribed, and only for short term pain treatment.
Opiate Addictions and Opiate Dependence
It has been shown that even regular opiate use can lead to opiate dependence and opiate addiction. Opiate dependence is when regular use has caused basic changes in brain chemistry, causing users to experience unpleasant side effects when missing even a single dose. One can be dependent on opiates without being a full blown addict, but the line between the two can be very fine. Opiate addictions manifest as a disease. The disease of addiction is defined by the bodies inability to maintain basic functions without using opiates. This will cause marked changes in behavior, physical health, and even trouble with the law.
Most Insurances Accepted
Commonly Abused Opiates
Morphine, like all naturally occurring opiates, works within the central nervous system to block the feeling of severe and chronic pain. Morphine can be taken orally, injected directly into the bloodstream, or given as a shot. When morphine is given intravenously, it’s maximum effects are felt within about 20 minutes, and when given orally, 60 minutes. The length of pain relief is often between 4-6 hours. Morphine addiction can cause digestion to slow dramatically, and as a result, will likely cause constipation in those using. Morphine is sold by several pharmaceutical companies under different brand names. Some of these names are MS Contin, Oramorph, Avinza, and Kadian.
Common morphine withdrawal symptoms are the following:
- Tearing eyes and runny nose
- Muscle aches and backache
- Irritability and trouble sleeping
- Restlessness and rapid heart rate
- Digestive issues including vomiting and cramps
Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid that comes from codeine and is usually dispensed in liquid form. Much like morphine, hydrocodone’s primary use is to control moderate to severe pain. Hydrocodone can be taken by mouth in capsule or liquid form, and can also be taken intravenously. The maximum effects of the drug are felt about 20 minutes and can last up to 8 hours. Hydrocodone is sold under many brand names in different formulations, often combined with Tylenol, Ibuprofen, or Aspirin. Some brand names for hydrocodone are Vicodin, Norco, Lortab, Lorcet, Vicoprofen, Ibudone, Reprexain, Lortab ASA, and Zydone.
Some of the common withdrawal symptoms of hydrocodone are:
- Cold sweats with goose bumps
- Excessive sneezing and yawning
- Mood swings and changes
- Bone and muscle pain
- Intestinal upset
Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic narcotic that is derived from the poppy plant. Oxycodone is used to treat severe pain and is often prescribed for individuals struggling with chronic pain issues. Taken most often as a pill, oxycodone is available in extended release tablets that allow dosing to be spaced as much as 12 hours. Oxycodone has unfortunately earned the reputation of being the most misused prescription opiates and causes many individuals to seek urgent care following an overdose. Oxycodone is sold under the brand names OxyContin, OxyNorm, OxyFast, Oxycocet, Percocet, Percodan, Endodan, Roxiprin, and Troxyca.
Common oxycodone withdrawal symptoms are:
- Anxiety, Restlessness, and Irritability
- Sweating, Increased Respirations, and Dilated Pupils
- Nausea, Vomiting and Stomach Cramps
- Muscle Spasms and muscle pain
- Bone pain
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