Illicit Drug Facts
Facts About Illicit Drugs
Based on information provided by the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), more than 20 million Americans over the age of 12 had reported to using an illicit drug during the previous 30 day period. This is a shocking number, especially when considering the age parameters. The estimated costs to society as a result of this reported illicit drug abuse is sobering. The cost of lost productivity has been estimated at $130 Billion dollars.
Healthcare costs incurred as a result of illicit drug abuse and addiction are estimated to be at least $20 Billion dollars. The burden on the legal system should not be underestimated as it is reported that $40 Billion has been spent in a attempt to stop the flow of illicit drugs in America. The information on illicit drug facts is growing by the day, as we learn more about the true costs of this drug epidemic.
The Cost Of Illicit Drug Addiction
There are costs that are not specifically monetary, but also negatively impact families and society on the whole. The spread of infectious diseases is much higher in the illicit drug community as sharing of needles and other methods of exposure are rampant. Information collected on illicit drug facts also indicates that homelessness, crime and fractured families all have direct roots in illicit drug abuse and heroin addiction. Even the unborn are vulnerable as they are reliant on their mothers to remain sober and drug-free during the course of the pregnancy.
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Illicit Drug Facts and Drug Addiction
Individuals do not choose to become illicit drug addicts. Usually, illicit drug addiction begins with social or casual drug use. Because of the nature of most illicit drugs, addiction is always a possibility, and the likelihood increases with regular use. Addiction changes the way an individual’s brain functions, which in turn affects their behaviors. It is important to understand that meth addiction is a disease, much like cancer or diabetes. Heroin addiction and other illicit drug addictions can be treated with inpatient drug rehab in Huntington Beach. Without heroin drug detox or alcohol recovery programs most addicts would have little hope of achieving sobriety. Understanding more about the illicit drug facts that can feed opiates dependence can help families deal with their loved one’s drug treatment needs.
Heroin is a very potent opiate drug that when used has an intense effect on an individuals brain chemistry. Heroin abuse causes the brain’s reward system to reduce it’s own production of dopamine and endorphins. This is because heroin use tricks the brain into believing that enough of these feel-good chemicals are already present, resulting in a drop of natural chemical production. Heroin is derived from the poppy plant, the same plant used to make opium and other opiate drugs. Illicit drug facts about heroin suggest that heroin addiction has become an epidemic in America over the past decades, and the need for heroin detox centers in Huntington Beach, CA is on the rise.
Cocaine is produced from the coca plant which is grown mainly in South America. Interestingly, the leaves of the coca plant were often chewed by laborers who spent time working in higher altitudes as a stimulant. Now, cocaine is manufactured in illegal labs in the jungles of countries such as Columbia, Honduras and Peru. Cocaine is a white powder that causes energy, alertness and euphoria when snorted or injected. Cocaine is very addictive and the risk of cocaine addiction when using is a real possibility. The illicit drug facts regarding cocaine abuse indicate that cocaine addiction carries health risks such as cardiac arrest or stoke.
Crack Cocaine Facts
Crack cocaine is powder cocaine mixed with water and baking soda which then dries and is broken up into small rocks. These rocks are smoked rather than snorted or injected. Crack cocaine addiction has become a very popular illicit street drug over the past decades, as it is powerful and relatively easy to obtain. The name crack cocaine comes from the sound that it makes when heated to smoke. There has been research that suggests that crack cocaine is more psychologically addiction than powder cocaine, but some dispute this. Should you know someone struggling with crack cocaine addiction contact our rehab center in Huntington Beach for more help.
Ecstasy is the illicit name for MDMA, or 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, which is a powerful psychoactive drug. Ecstasy causes a stimulant effect, as well as euphoria when it is taken. Illicit drug facts regarding MDMA indicate that ecstasy is often cut with other substances such as cocaine, LSD, heroin and amphetamines. This is probably because pure MDMA is difficult to find outside a laboratory. There are not any medically accepted uses for MDMA so it is classified as a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance. Ecstasy abuse can cause ecstasy addiction depending on the type of substances it is combined with.
Hallucinogens are a class of drugs that cause individuals to experience hallucinations or distortions of reality. There are hallucinogens that are found in plants and some mushrooms, but there are also manufactured drugs such as LSD or PCP. It has become apparent over the years of research that the exact mechanisms by which hallucinogens work are not understood. It is clear, however, that they work by disrupting the communication between brain systems that regulate mood, perception, sexual behavior, and body temperature, to name a few. The illicit drug facts regarding hallucinogen abuse and long term effects is also still something researchers are discovering.
Marijuana is a plant used both medicinally and recreationally within the United States. While some studies suggest that marijuana is not addictive, other reports indicate that the rising potency of marijuana can contribute to marijuana abuse or marijuana dependence. Marijuana can be smoked or eaten, or brewed as a tea. Illicit drug facts about marijuana’s negative effects on attention and learning are coming to light as of late. There seems to be evidence that marijuana users are less likely to complete school, or complete with lower than average grades. In addiction, there is evidence that marijuana dependence is linked to unemployment, criminal activity and other socio-economic issues.
Meth or methamphetamine, is considered to be one of the most addictive illicit drugs on the streets of America. There are many individuals that report their meth addiction started with their first high. Meth creates feelings of intense euphoria and awareness, caused by chemicals released in the reward center of the brain. Illicit drug facts about meth’s effect on brain chemistry when used indicate that meth abuse releases nearly three times as much dopamine as cocaine abuse does. Repeated exposure to meth and meth addiction will cause a rewiring of the brain’s reward system, making meth withdrawal and meth detox very difficult without the support of inpatient drug rehab programs.
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